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Il latte materno per l'allattamento di bambini prematuri

Best food for baby and toddler

 

Optimal nutrition will determine so much of your child’s development and growth.

Venerdì 9 Ottobre 2015

Optimal nutrition will determine so much of your child’s development and growth.

A well-balanced diet that contains essential micronutrients is the best guarantee for your baby’s health. It is important to choose foods that contain high levels of calcium that help with the formation of strong bones and teeth. Iron is another essential micronutrient for brain development. Zinc is important for a strong immune system, and iodine aids the brain and nervous system. Vitamin A for the development of eyesight, and vitamin D for the absorption of calcium, are especially important for your child, while the B vitamins group plays a role in the optimal release of energy for active toddlers!

These micronutrients can be found in a wide variety of food sources, and its therefore important to give your child a well-balanced diet that includes vegetables, fats, protein and carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates (also known as sugars) are important sources of energy for the body, and normally comprise about 50-70% of our diet. Cereals are an example of a readily available and good source of carbohydrates. Fats are another useful source of energy. Fats provide twice the amount of energy than carbohydrates, and active toddlers can make good use of this. Try to avoid saturated fats (mostly from animal products), and stick to unsaturated fatty acids (from plants and oils). Dietary fibre, although being difficult to digest, should form part of any diet once the digestive system is strong enough. Whole-grain cereals, vegetables, beans, fruits and nuts are good sources.

Protein is the third and the most important macronutrient. It plays an important role in the development of the brain and muscles. During the first 4-6 months of your baby’s life, breastfeeding is the best way to regulate protein levels. Breast milk has the perfect amount of protein that your baby needs. It has the highest concentration of protein for a newborn baby, which gradually decreases as your baby gets older and growth slows down.

When your baby transitions from breast milk and starts eating solid foods, protein intake may spike. This is because mums usually stick to the recommended allowance of 2 cups of milk per day, but include other proteins a toddler has access to from the family diet (meat, fish and grains). This daily protein intake usually exceeds the recommended allowance for toddlers. Therefore try to limit the amount of protein your toddler eats until he is two years old, and choose age-appropriate infant formulas with the lowest possible protein content.

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